Antoine Destutt de Tracy The term "ideology" was born during the Reign of Terror of French Revolutionand acquired several other meanings thereafter. The word, and the system of ideas associated with it, was coined by Antoine Destutt de Tracy in while he was in prison pending trial during the Terror. The coup that overthrew Maximilien Robespierre allowed Tracy to pursue his work. He devised the term for a "science of ideas" he hoped would form a secure foundation for the moral and political sciences.
I believe this is a misunderstanding. In any logical analysis, reasonable people must agree that man is the most highly evolved sentient creature to inhabit the earth. No other creature is capable of comprehending and explaining the normative concepts of goodness, truth and beauty, for example, which in philosophy are absolutes, although it is assumed that human beings can never achieve them absolutely.
While other animals are driven by instinct, man is driven by intuition, a product of knowledge and reasoning. To celebrate this great gift is not to denigrate its source. To declare that humanism is bad is to say that man is worthless in this life, and can only approach those great peaks if God enables him.
If man is endowed by his creator with the ability to define these concepts, he must be endowed as well with the ability to strive toward them. That is the true definition of Humanism, not secular or spiritual, but holistic. Some people believe that a person who is not overtly religious, but who strives toward those norms, possesses a natural undiscovered religious conviction.
But it is also possible that religion itself is a primitive version of philosophy that seeks to explain the workings of the universe without the benefit of sophisticated reasoning.
To define how humans should live is as old as man himself, predating any recognizable existing religion. But Humanism, per se, which is defined by the process of reason and not faith, is not a primitive concept. It is modern, consequently, as open to interpretation as religion, and in some cases its definition is as easily perverted.
If Humanism defines man at his best, it is dangerous to misdefine the concept of humanism. They tear man down by implying that he cannot achieve their standard.
In this way, the excuses of Secular Humanism turn the very concept of humanity upside down, because, whether or not it is human to be tempted by lust or envy, to give in to the temptation degrades man. Thus Secular Humanism is not humanistic. Secular Humanism is also equated with Atheism, but, while Secular Humanism is presented as a purely philosophic proposition, Atheism is in reality an anti-God religion that carries with it the same irrational fundamentalism of which atheists accuse zealous Christians.
In fact, they take the First Commandment literally and apply it to No-God as it is already applied to God.
This is NOT true Humanism. In fact it is Anti-Humanism.
Each and every human being is unique in genetics and in existence. No two people can occupy the same space or the same existence.Renaissance philosophy. The philosophy of a period arises as a response to social need, and the development of philosophy in the history of Western civilization since the Renaissance has, thus, reflected the process in which creative philosophers have responded to the unique challenges of each stage in the development of Western culture itself..
The career of philosophy—how it views its. That portion of philosophy which treats of the most general and fundamental principles underlying all reality and all knowledge.
I remain the official Senior Maverick for Wired, a magazine I helped co-found 25 years ago. I do one article for Wired per year. My most recent published writings are listed here, in chronological order. My newest book, The Inevitable, a New York Times bestseller, is now available in paperback.
The. Plato claimed that the kind of knowledge that takes Ideas as its object could be generalized to ethical matters, and indeed this was a defining feature of his thought. It introduced a conception of human life as the effort to control the chaos of sensation and desire through an understanding of the ideal order that is appropriate to each kind of being.
Truth (Anglo-Saxon tréow, tryw, truth, preservation of a compact, from a Teutonic base Trau, to believe) is a relation which holds (1) between the knower and the known — Logical Truth; (2) between the knower and the outward expression which he gives to his knowledge — Moral Truth; and (3) between the thing itself, as it exists, and the idea of it, as conceived by God — Ontological Truth.
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