Ode to a Nightingale - Further Notes Summary The speaker opens with a declaration of his own heartache. He feels numb, as though he had taken a drug only a moment ago. He is addressing a nightingale he hears singing somewhere in the forest and says that his "drowsy numbness" is not from envy of the nightingale's happiness, but rather from sharing it too completely; he is "too happy" that the nightingale sings the music of summer from amid some unseen plot of green trees and shadows.
The oldest of four children, he lost both his parents at a young age.
His father, a livery-stable keeper, died when Keats was eight; his mother died of tuberculosis six years later. After his mother's death, Keats's maternal grandmother appointed two London merchants, Richard Abbey and John Rowland Sandell, as guardians. Abbey, a prosperous tea broker, assumed the bulk of this responsibility, while Sandell played only a minor role.
When Keats was fifteen, Abbey withdrew him from the Clarke School, Enfield, to apprentice with an apothecary-surgeon and study medicine in a London hospital.
In Keats became a licensed apothecary, but he never practiced his profession, deciding instead to write poetry. The group's influence enabled Keats to see his first volume, Poems by John Keats, published in Shelley, who was fond of Keats, had advised him to develop a more substantial body of work before publishing it.
Keats, who was not as fond of Shelley, did not follow his advice. Two of the most influential critical magazines of the time, the Quarterly Review and Blackwood's Magazine, attacked the collection.
Calling the romantic verse of Hunt's literary circle "the Cockney school of poetry," Blackwood's declared Endymion to be nonsense and recommended that Keats give up poetry.
Shelley, who privately disliked Endymion but recognized Keats's genius, wrote a more favorable review, but it was never published. Shelley also exaggerated the effect that the criticism had on Keats, attributing his declining health over the following years to a spirit broken by the negative reviews.
Keats spent the summer of on a walking tour in Northern England and Scotland, returning home to care for his brother, Tom, who suffered from tuberculosis. While nursing his brother, Keats met and fell in love with a woman named Fanny Brawne.
Writing some of his finest poetry between andKeats mainly worked on "Hyperion," a Miltonic blank-verse epic of the Greek creation myth. He stopped writing "Hyperion" upon the death of his brother, after completing only a small portion, but in late he returned to the piece and rewrote it as "The Fall of Hyperion" unpublished until That same autumn Keats contracted tuberculosis, and by the following February he felt that death was already upon him, referring to the present as his "posthumous existence.
Agnes, and Other Poems. The three title poems, dealing with mythical and legendary themes of ancient, medieval, and Renaissance times, are rich in imagery and phrasing.
The volume also contains the unfinished "Hyperion," and three poems considered among the finest in the English language, "Ode on a Grecian Urn," "Ode on Melancholy," and "Ode to a Nightingale. The fragment "Hyperion" was considered by Keats's contemporaries to be his greatest achievement, but by that time he had reached an advanced stage of his disease and was too ill to be encouraged.
He continued a correspondence with Fanny Brawne and—when he could no longer bear to write to her directly—her mother, but his failing health and his literary ambitions prevented their getting married.
Under his doctor's orders to seek a warm climate for the winter, Keats went to Rome with his friend, the painter Joseph Severn. He died there on February 23,at the age of twenty-five, and was buried in the Protestant cemetery.
Agnes, and Other Poems Endymion: A Dramatic Fragment King Stephen: A Dramatic Fragment John Keats was born in London on 31 October , the eldest of Thomas and Frances Jennings Keats’s four children.
Although he died at the age of twenty-five, Keats had perhaps the most remarkable career of any English poet. Joseph Severn (7 December – 3 August ) was an English portrait and subject painter and a personal friend of the famous English poet John pfmlures.com exhibited portraits, Italian genre, literary and biblical subjects, and a selection of his paintings can today be found in some of the most important museums in London, including the National Portrait Gallery, the Victoria and Albert.
John Keats, – Biography & Facts This website is dedicated to the life and work of the great Romantic poet, John Keats. Born in , Keats published three books of poetry in his lifetime but was dismissed as a middle-class interloper by most critics.
The HyperTexts Dark Poetry: The Best Poems about Death, Pain, Loss, Grief, Sadness, Madness, Depression and Despair Which poets wrote the best sad, dark, melancholy poems in . The Academy of American Poets is the largest membership-based nonprofit organization fostering an appreciation for contemporary poetry and supporting American poets.
For over three generations, the Academy has connected millions of people to great poetry through programs such as National Poetry. Decades before Carl Sagan published his now-legendary Baloney Detection Kit for critical thinking, the great philosopher, psychologist, and education reformer John Dewey (October 20, –June 1, ) penned the definitive treatise on the subject — a subject all the more urgently relevant today, in our age of snap judgments and instant opinions.