Maoism aka Mao Zedong Thought A theory and practice which claims to be an advancement of Marxism, developed as a critique of the Soviet Union. He hence sometimes did not understand the demands of the masses.
History[ edit ] Ancient understandings of authority trace back to Rome and draw later from Catholic Thomistic thought and other traditional understandings. In more modern terms, forms of authority include transitional authority exhibited in for example Cambodia public authority in the form of popular powerand, in more administrative terms, bureaucratic or managerial techniques.
In terms of bureaucratic governance, one limitation of the governmental agents of the executive branch, as outlined by George A. Krause, is that they are not as close to the popular will as elected representatives are.
As David Laitin defines, authority is a key concept to be defined in determining the range and role of political theory, science and inquiry.
In recent years, however, authority in political contexts has been challenged or questioned.
There have been several contributions to the debate of political authority. In political philosophythe jurisdiction of political authority, the location of sovereigntythe balancing of freedom and authority,  and the requirements of political obligations have been core questions from the time of Plato and Aristotle to the present.
Most democratic societies are engaged in an ongoing discussion regarding the legitimate extent of the exercise of governmental authority. In the United Statesfor instance, there is a prevailing belief that the political system as instituted by the Founding Fathers should accord the populace as much freedom as reasonable, and that government should limit its authority accordingly, known as limited government.
In the discussion regarding the legitimacy of political authority, there are two beliefs at the respective ends of the spectrum. The first is the belief in the absolute freedom of the individual, otherwise known as political anarchism.
The second is the belief that there must be a central authority in the form of a sovereign that claims ownership and control over the masses. This belief is known as statism. Sovereignty, in modern terms, can refer either to the adherence to a form of sovereign rule or the individual sovereignty, or autonomy, of a nation-state.
The argument for political anarchy and anti-statism is made by Michael Huemer in his book The Problem of Political Authority. Sociology[ edit ] Since the emergence of the social sciencesauthority has become a subject of research in a variety of empirical settings: The definition of authority in contemporary social science remains a matter of debate.
Max Weber in his essay " Politics as a Vocation " divided legitimate authority into three types. This was because, as Abraham Lincoln also declared, "No man is good enough to govern another man, without that other's consent.(used relatively in restrictive clauses having that as the antecedent): Damaged goods constituted part of that which was sold at the auction.
(used after a preposition to represent a specified antecedent): the horse on which I rode.
(used relatively to represent a specified or implied antecedent) the one that; a particular one that: You may choose which you like. Essay on Bureaucracy Words | 2 Pages. Bureaucracy The word “bureaucracy” has a negative connotation to many people.
The fact is that our current system of government would not be able to survive without bureaucracies. Nov 09, · At times leaders in organizations may set meaningless bureaucratic goals and true progress can be hindered because of it.
As evidenced in this example, bureaucracy can be counterproductive. One Response “The Negative Effects of Bureaucracy” → wem December 18, This example Bureaucratic Authoritarianism Essay is published for educational and informational purposes only.
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An examination of the possibilities for libertarian feminism, taking the feminist thought of the 19th century radical individualists as an example and a guide. We find that the radical libertarian critique of statism and the radical feminist critique of patriarchy are complementary, not contradictory, and we discuss some of the confusions that lead many libertarians--including many libertarian.
Bureaucracy Essay Examples Revision. Bureaucratic rules are also designed for the benefit of the organisation, not the customer meaning they will not be changed to suit the demands of one individual.