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History[ edit ] The world's first commercially produced Christmas card, designed by John Callcott Horsley for Henry Cole in Children looking at Christmas cards in New York Christmas card by Louis Prang, showing a group of anthropomorphized frogs parading with banner and band.
Cole had helped introduce the Penny Post three years earlier.
Two batches totaling 2, cards were printed and sold Greeting in english and vietnamese year for a shilling each. Humorous and sentimental images of children and animals were popular, as were increasingly elaborate shapes, decorations and materials.
At Christmasthe lithograph firm Prang and Mayer began creating greeting cards for the popular market in Britain The firm began selling the Christmas card in America inthus becoming the first printer to offer cards in America.
Its owner, Louis Prangis sometimes called the "father of the American Christmas card. The advent of the postcard spelled the end for elaborate Victorian-style cards, but by the s, cards with envelopes had returned.
The extensive Laura Seddon Greeting Card Collection from the Manchester Metropolitan University gathers 32, Victorian and Edwardian greeting cards, printed by the major publishers of the day,  including Britain's first commercially produced Christmas card.
The now widely recognized brand Hallmark Cards was established in by Joyce Hall with the help of brother Rollie Hall to market their self-produced Christmas cards. Idiosyncratic "studio cards" with cartoon illustrations and sometimes risque humor caught on in the s.
Nostalgic, sentimental, and religious images have continued in popularity, and, in the 21st century, reproductions of Victorian and Edwardian cards are easy to obtain. Modern Christmas cards can be bought individually but are also sold in packs of the same or varied designs.
In recent decades changes in technology may be responsible for the decline of the Christmas card. The estimated number of cards received by American households dropped from 29 in to 20 in Despite the decline, 1. In the UK, Christmas cards account for almost half of the volume of greeting card sales, with over Czech Republicthe cards are rather called New Year Cardshowever they are sent before Christmas and the emphasis design, texts is mostly given to the New Year, omitting religious symbols.
The British royal family 's cards are generally portraits reflecting significant personal events of the year. Despite the governing practice of the separation of church and state within American politics, there is a long-standing custom for the President and First Lady to send White House Christmas Cards each holiday season.
Eisenhower issued the first official White House card. The cards usually depict White House scenes as rendered by prominent American artists. The number of recipients has snowballed over the decades, from just 2, in to 1. These cards are almost always discrete and secular in design, and do not attempt to sell a product, limiting themselves to mentioning the name of the business.
The practice harkens back to trade cards of the 18th century, an ancestor of the modern Christmas card. Charity Christmas cards[ edit ] Christmas card promoting Royal typewriters Many organizations produce special Christmas cards as a fundraising tool. The most famous of these enterprises is probably the UNICEF Christmas card program,  launched inwhich selects artwork from internationally known artists for card reproduction.
The UK-based Charities Advisory Trust gives out an annual "Scrooge Award" to the cards that return the smallest percentage to the charities they claim to support  although it is not universally well received by the Christmas card producers.
Small decorative stickers are also made to seal the back of envelopes, typically showing a trinket or some symbol of Christmas. Inthe German post office gave away 20 million free scented stickers, to make Christmas cards smell of a fir Christmas tree, cinnamon, gingerbread, a honey-wax candle, a baked apple and an orange.
Collectors items[ edit ] From the beginning, Christmas cards have been avidly collected. Queen Mary amassed a large collection that is now housed in the British Museum. Collectors may focus on particular images like Santa Clauspoets, or printing techniques.
The Christmas card that holds the world record as the most expensive ever sold was a card produced in by J. Horsley and commissioned by civil servant Sir Henry Cole.The word "ciao" (/ ˈ tʃ aʊ /; Italian pronunciation:) is an informal salutation in the Italian language that is used for both "hello" and "goodbye".Originally from the Venetian language, it has entered the vocabulary of English and of many other languages around the world.
Its dual meaning of "hello" and "goodbye" makes it similar to shalom in Hebrew, salaam in Arabic, annyeong in Korean. Sep 10, · Learn common Vietnamese greetings with our Vietnamese in Three Minutes series! In Vietnam, manners are important, and this step-by-step video teaches you some of the basics you need to be polite while speaking Vietnamese.
A native Vietnamese teacher will explain the simple phrases necessary. All activities revolving around Good News Mission are focused on witnessing the gospel as inscribed in the Bible. FVDP-English-Vietnamese-Dictionary đập vào To address with salutations or expressions of kind wishes; to salute; to hail; to welcome; to accost with friendship; to pay respects .
This is the simplest way to say “hello” in German. It's a friendly, all-purpose greeting that can be used in pretty much any situation, formal or informal. Think about it like this. When you say “good day” to somebody, what are you actually saying?
Probably something like “I wish you a. Hallasan Mountain Natural Reserve, Geomunoreum Lava Tube System, Seongsan Ilchulbong Tuff Cone. Due to its breathtaking beauty, these three areas known as ‘Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes’ are selected unanimously by the World Heritage Committee as .