Gender binary[ edit ] To "fuck with" gender, one must have an expectation to be able to rebel against.
How a single store chooses to showcase its playthings may not seem terribly consequential — even if it is Harrods — but the move has people talking, including coverage in The GuardianThe New York TimesThe Huffington Postand CNN. But it turns out that how the media explains gender differences can itself influence the extent to which people endorse gender stereotypes.
In their first study, researchers Victoria Brescoll and Marianne LaFrance selected a geographically-diverse subset of the 50 newspapers with the highest daily circulation in the United States. For example, an explanation that appealed to sex differences in brain structure, evolution, geneticshormonesor neurotransmitters would be identified as biological, while one appealing to culture or upbringing was considered sociocultural.
Newspapers like the Omaha World-Herald and the Dallas Morning News scored high on the proportion of biological explanations their articles included, while newspapers like The Cleveland Plain Dealer and the Boston Globe scored low.
To get a sense for the political stance of each media outlet, the researchers identified newspapers that endorsed Republican presidential candidates as more conservative, and those that opposed the admission of women to military academies as more traditional in their attitude to sex roles.
And it turned out that both of these factors were associated with the type of explanation for gender differences that newspapers tended to report: But does this bias in reporting matter?
A second study revealed that it does. Participants read one of four fictional news stories that were indistinguishable from published articles. The researchers found that participants who read the biological explanations were more likely to subsequently endorse the idea that people cannot easily change, and to associate each sex with stereotypical attributes, like being nurturant, intuitive, whiny, and nagging for women, and being competitive, quantitatively skilled, arrogant, and egotistical for men.
These effects were found whether the fictional news story claimed that men or that women had superior ability. In their final study, the researchers considered whether it was biological explanations that encouraged the view of people as essentially stable reflections of traditional gender stereotypes, or rather that sociocultural explanations discouraged these conceptions.
Caliban and the Witch: Women, the Body and Primitive Accumulation [Silvia Federici] on pfmlures.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Literary Nonfiction. CALIBAN AND THE WITCH is a history of the body in the transition to capitalism. Moving from the peasant revolts of the late Middle Ages to the witch-hunts and the rise of mechanical philosophy. I. “Silliest internet atheist argument” is a hotly contested title, but I have a special place in my heart for the people who occasionally try to prove Biblical fallibility by pointing out whales are not a type of fish. A gender bender (LGBT slang: one who genderfucks) is a person who disrupts, or "bends", expected gender roles. Gender bending is sometimes a form of social activism undertaken to destroy rigid gender roles and defy sex-role stereotypes, notably in cases where the gender-nonconforming person finds these roles oppressive. It can be a reaction to, and protest of, homophobia, transphobia, misogyny.
The results revealed two different effects. When it came to endorsing traditional gender stereotypes, a biological explanation increased endorsements relative to no explanationand a sociocultural explanation had no effect one way or the other.
|15 Cultural Differences Between Japan and America||Email Are men inherently better than women are at some skills, and vice versa?|
Simply having a biological explanation for some sex difference reinforced stereotypic associations about the properties of men and women.
It may be that how you explain apparent gender differences to kids is just as important as the toys you encourage them to play with.Japan is often considered to be more culturally "western" than other Asian countries. When it's compared to the United States there are certainly a lot of similarities, but Japan and the U.S.
also have many cultural differences. Caliban and the Witch: Women, the Body and Primitive Accumulation [Silvia Federici] on pfmlures.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Literary Nonfiction. CALIBAN AND THE WITCH is a history of the body in the transition to capitalism. Moving from the peasant revolts of the late Middle Ages to the witch-hunts and the rise of mechanical philosophy. BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard.
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Registered charity number: India is a country where values and traditions are held above personal aspirations and happiness. Family’s honor, pride and social status is given more important .
This an extremely comprehensive book. With a bibliography bigger than some books, no one can say that Mr.
Geary hasn't done his homework. His ability to distill a vast amount of information into a comprehensible, concise and compelling theory of the reasons for gender differences is remarkable.