He was 62 years old.
As the Northern armies drove south crops were burned, mills were destroyed, and houses were burned. Without the excess labor that the slaves provided, the south was unable to rebuild in a timely manner.
In addition, the political unrest and fear of the changes as well as the displacement of the slaves led to starvation, increased crime, and the victimization of former property owners by carpetbaggers.
The people in the south were afraid and angry. They had lost a cause they believed in. Their land and way of life had been destroyed.
The south was forced to secede to the Union and was kept under military rule. African Americans continued to suffer. Lynch mobs and militia organized and hung and shot former slaves. The economy of the south was in a bad state. The southern money system had little to no value.
Jobs were scare and blacks and whites flocked towards the north in hopes of finding work. Those who did not go south headed west in hope of a better life. Most of the battles were fought in the South which caused a devasting loss of land, homes, and businesses.
Many towns and communities were totally destroyed. Economically, the South was also in ruins. Prosperous landowners lost everything, and industry was non existant.
Restructuring took many years but was never on par with the North in terms of manufacturing and economic growth. Drastic social changes also took place. Slavery was abolished forever, and the antebellum social class with it. Of course, these changes were not viewed positively by many southerners who tried to reinforce the old social structure with intimidation and fear through the Ku Klux Klan.
These changes impact the South even in the present time. Race relations have improved but strife is still evident in many areas. Although there is manufacturing and industry in the South today, it has never caught up with the rest of the country.
Unlock All Answers Now.PRIMO, the largest independent national magazine for and about Italian Americans, provides quality journalism on Italian American history, heritage, and achievements. PRIMO discusses topics of importance to Italian Americans with articles on Italian art, language, travel, food and wine.
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