This has affected us. And it has affected our community
His expanded definition was that something is "a 'state' if and insofar as its administrative staff successfully upholds a claim on the 'monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force' German: Weber applied several caveats to his discussion of the state's monopoly of violence: He intended the statement as a contemporary observation, noting that the connection between the state and the use of physical force has not always been so close.
He uses the examples of feudalismwhere private warfare was permitted under certain conditions, and of religious courtswhich had sole jurisdiction over some types of offenses, especially heresy and sex crimes thus the nickname "bawdy courts". Regardless, the state exists wherever a single authority can legitimately authorize violence.
For the same reasons, the "monopoly" does not mean that only the government may use physical force, but that the state is that human community that successfully claims for itself to be the only source of legitimacy for all physical coercion or adjudication of coercion.
For example, the law might permit individuals to use force in defense of one's self or propertybut this right derives from the state's authority.
This conflicts directly with enlightenment principles of individual sovereignty that delegates power to the state by consent, and concepts of natural law that hold that individual rights deriving from sapient self-ownership preexist the state and are only recognised and guaranteed by the state which may be restricted from limiting them by constitutional law.
In other words, without investing in troops, police, or some sort of enforcement mechanism, early states cannot enjoy the law and order or prosperity of more developed states.
Relation to state capacity[ edit ] The capacity of a state is often measured in terms of its fiscal and legal capacity. Fiscal capacity meaning the state's ability to recover taxation to provide public goods, and legal capacity meaning the state's supremacy as sole arbiter of conflict resolution and contract enforcement.
Without some sort of coercionthe state would not otherwise be able to enforce its legitimacy in its desired sphere of influence. In early and developing states, this role was often played by the "stationary bandit" who defended villagers from roving bandits, in the hope that the protection would incentivize villagers to invest in economic production, and the stationary bandit could eventually use its coercive power to expropriate some of that wealth.
Without this type of enforcement, market participants would not be otherwise confident enough to trust their counter-parties for valid contract enforcement and the market would collapse. Even in illicit and underground markets somewhat akin to stateless societiesviolence is used to enforce contracts in the absence of accessible legal conflict resolution.
Phelps claims that the use of private actors by the state remains legitimate if and only if military contractors are perceived as being controlled by the state.Essay illustrating that the only way for a true monopoly to be formed is through coercion, usually exercised by government.
Economists struggling to make sense of economic polarization are, increasingly, talking not about technology but about power. This may sound like straying off the reservation—aren’t economists supposed to focus only on the invisible hand of the market?—but there is actually a long tradition of economic concern about “market power,” aka the effect of monopoly.
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Monopoly1. In the long run, a profit-maximizing monopoly produces an output volume that a. equates long-run marginal cost with marginal revenue.
b. equates long. Economics (/ ɛ k ə ˈ n ɒ m ɪ k s, iː k ə-/) is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.. Economics focuses on the behaviour and interactions of economic agents and how economies work.
Microeconomics analyzes basic elements in the economy, including individual agents and markets, their interactions, and the outcomes of interactions. Essay 1 Featuring Jeffrey Gundlach The Moment of Truth for the Secular Bond Bull Market Has Arrived By John Mauldin “The moment of truth has arrived for [the] secular bond bull market![Bonds] need to start rallying effective immediately or obituaries need to be written.”.